growth and reinvention 2017: a north american perspective on the global wood-based panel industry.
The use of the original engineering board plywood in the world continues to grow, however, the production and consumption of North American Plywood has finally stabilized (2012-2016) Steady decline since the 1987 peak. During the Great Recession, the decline was particularly evident from 2007 to 2009. [ Figure 1 slightly] Particle board with directional structure (OSB) Plywood\'s low-cost structural panel competitors, which have flourished in North America over the past 40 years, are now well known worldwide. Annual production and sales in North America 16. 8 billion (3/8\" basis) Growth to nearly 22 in 2012. By 2016, as the North American economy rebounded and manufacturers increased their focus on value Added products such as furniture frames Length panel, fire- Rated sheath and radiation barrier sheath. Since the 2008 recession, the number of panel production facilities in North America ( Including laminated veneer materials (LVL) Medium density cardboard (MDF) In addition to OSB and plywood, there is also a broken board) The cumulative decline is about 25% (Table 2). But now the producers have announced or opened some green space facilities and factories that were previously closed. What are the current drivers in North America and around the world? What are the trends that affect survival and growth? These and other questions are being answered as North America and the global economy are going through the slowest post the Wall Street Journal and others have said The recession has recovered since World War II. The global profile plywood is considered a pioneering engineering board. Unique attributes such as the stability, strength, durability and beauty of plywood are usually assembled by alternating texture directions between layers, and in addition to retaining many traditional applications, it also provides a variety of developments for new uses Understanding the competitive business environment of plywood and determining how best to meet the needs of customers is the key to future development. Three trends are changing the dynamics of plywood and veneerbased producer. * More and more suitable species and types provide raw materials. Small log diameter, no Traditional species have less and less barriers to efficient operations. * High strength of Wood-to- The weight ratio makes the veneer a versatile raw material that can be assembled into plywood and other veneer Superior to the base products of competitive building materials such as wood, steel and concrete. * Plywood can be successfully manufactured from crude oil to a variety of sophisticated technologies. Plywood Manufacturers use simple technology in some areas, but in other areas, technologies such as automation and robotics are increasingly playing a key role. There are many uses for plywood. New veneer- Applications based on traditional tablets are constantly developing. Laminated veneer materials (LVL) , Is now a mature product, not just a parallel laminated plywood Assembly; Even now, a manufacturer on the West Coast is preparing to produce a large-scale plywood panel (MPP) This could challenge a layered solid wood system for building high-rise Wood Based on structure. The common thread of successful producers is in the manufacture of lower Produce cost products from available labor, raw materials and capital. Asia is the main driver of global output growth. In the past 30 years, China has become the world\'s largest producer with thousands of small factories (Figure 3). According to the China Forestry Association, only about 10% of plywood made in China is exported. In the author\'s opinion, China is in a Given that China\'s forests have been fully utilized, the growth rate is sustainable. Plywood, a competitor of North American plywood, is a product of global trade. International trade in plywood has more than doubled to $14. It was $4 billion in 2015. 2000 6 billion. According to The Woodworking Network, the Global Plywood Market is expected to reach 223. Driven by the resumption of construction activities in most countries around the world, it will reach 4 billion cubic meters by 2022; High value, the rise of high-rise buildings, in the interior design, especially the floors, ceilings and walls, and the healthy furniture industry, the preference for plywood is growing. \" ( Network of carpentry. In 2022, \"Chinese construction demand drove global plywood growth to October \". 24, 2016). According to the US Department of Agriculture\'s Foreign Agricultural Service trade data in 2016, the cumulative increase of Cork plywood imported to the United States was 49%, reaching 1. 4 billion (3/8\" basis) About 15% of U. S. production. Brazil\'s imports doubled in 2016, as did Canada and Chile. At present, about 90% Chinese Domestic plywood is consumed domestically, but over time China may join Brazil and Chile as an important country to export Cork plywood to North America. As shown in figure 4, imports are roughly equivalent to four larger production North American factory ( The author defines the large capacity as a factory with a rated capacity of more than 0. 3 billion (3/8\" basis). Although it has remained stable over the past few years, the long-term decline in the plywood industry in North America is triggering a considerable soul --searching. Thoughtful questions include what changes have taken place in the market? What impact will it have in the present and in the long run? How does this analysis provide a basis for decision-making? Made on and after 2017? What can North American producers do in the global market boom? The four steps customized for each factory can vary. [ Figure 4 slightly]1. Green end: the key to volume and output. These steps typically involve the introduction of advanced electronic innovations and the redesign of equipment and processes, while reinventing human processes with an emphasis on engagement and engagement. 2. Dry end: double efficiency. Introduce the \"latest generation\" veneer dryer when feasible. State-of-the-art high-speed dryers ( This is also more energy efficient) Half the floor space production doubled compared to many old systems. 3. Marketing: The idea of overcoming mistakes. For many potential users, overcoming the notion of defining plywood, such as wood products that damage the environment or OSB is always equivalent to plywood, and educating the market on new uses for innovation. 4. Leadership: change the workplace. In order to effectively integrate renewable resources, advanced manufacturing processes and changing customer needs, best management practices and new collaborative leadership styles are required. The operating environment will continue to evolve in unpredictable ways. The best answers will come from innovative \"thinking and practice\" that suit the unique circumstances of each plant \". \"Survivors\" will be those who are flexible to adapt to change. OSB, fiber board and other wood panel oriented Strand board (OSB) Is an amazing example of product acceptance and growth, as it launched the \"plywood for the poor\" in its early 80 s \". The restructured product has steadily won the market share of plywood. With OSB being accepted globally, the OSB plant is now located around the globe, with factories distributed in at least 14 countries. At present, it is entering the market of underwear and furniture frame, which is mainly plywood for a long time. What is the future of OSB? Some believe that offshore producers will not become major exporters for many years due to growth in local demand. Others believe that shipping costs associated with heavy OSB panels are limited to local markets. In our view, OSB will cross national borders, with the main determinants being manufacturing costs, transportation costs, and monetary relations and trade policies that govern global trade. Wood in North America is an environment-friendly building material, and protecting the natural environment is becoming more and more important to society. Wood is more eco-friendly than competitive building materials (Table 5) According to research by the Renewable Industrial Materials Research Federation (CORRIM). Plywood and other panel products made in North America are now from renewable resources, from different planting locations and in a wide range. In fact, the entire delivered timber stem is converted into a single board or a by-product available. Depending on the North American region, the replanted trees will be ready again for processing by Wood and veneer producers within 25 to 100. Green panel manufacturing plant in North America. . . Again! The world is rapidly becoming a single market in which products compete mainly at the delivered selling price. The unresolved issue is how North American panel producers will remain competitive. The answer to the textbook is to control the main costs of wood, labor, energy, glue and other chemicals, as well as sales and market logistics costs. The continuous goal is to provide the highest quality products at the lowest price, while creating profits for shareholders. This is a difficult task, with high risks. According to the American Forest and Paper Association (AF&PA), the U. The forest products industry in the United States employs about 937,000 workers, accounting for about 5% of the total population of the United States. S. The gross domestic product of manufacturing makes the industry roughly the same as the automotive and plastics industries. The forest products industry is one of the top ten manufacturing employers in 45 states, with shipments exceeding $282 billion in 2015 and an annual salary of about $54 billion. As turmoil in the wood industry is expected to continue The US-based panel industry continues to reshape its manufacturing base in North America and around the world. Short-term profitability Long term economic cycle and long term Long-term trends depend on the positioning of the company and its factories in the market. As investors become more bullish on the panel industry, some ownership has changed. Capacity expansion and modernization are also in progress. After almost no new construction in the past decade, there are several green space projects, such as medium-dense cardboard. In 2016, three new China fiber plate factories were built in Mexico. Several others have been announced or are in the planning phase of other sites in North America. OSB. A modern large-capacity OSB plant in East Texas is about to be completed and will be put into operation in third quarter of 2017. Particleboard. Michigan is building the world\'s largest crusher plant with a completion date of 2018. Plywood. Two new state-of-the-art facilities for Cork plywood were completed in 2016 ( One in Oregon and the other in Mississippi). This is the first greenfield plywood factory built in North America in more than 20 years. In addition, we learned that other new production facilities are in different planning stages. Although the industry may continue to move right To better meet demand and oversupply, some of the capacity to close inefficient factories is being replaced by efficient new factories. People have new confidence in every part of the wood. By effectively utilizing fibers and other resources to optimize the scale of manufacturing costs, the base industry can make a profit. There is said to be an old Chinese expression, \"May you live in an interesting time. \"The current era is characterized by Wood. Panels based on different applications and technologies, rapidly expanding global demand, and the complexity of trade between countries. Now is an interesting moment. Richard, author (\"Dick\")F. Frederick T. Baldwin Richard Kurpiel (\"Rich\")W. Baldwin ( The author\'s notes, most of the editorial material taken from the presentation by Fred kurpeel and Dick Baldwin at the 10th European timber show Panel discussion in Hamburg, Germany, October 6, 2016, with some data updates) About Dr. author Dr. Dick Baldwin Mr. Fred culpier Rich Baldwin is a recognized industry expert in structural panels, composite panels and engineered wood products. They brought a lot of people. Knowledge of the manufacture and marketing of plywood, veneer and engineered wood products, and analysis of the wood industry. [ Slightly] IllustrationsDr. Richard (\"Dick\")F. Baldwin, managing partner of Oak Creek Investments LLC, recently served as president and general manager of Winston plywood and veneer (Louisville MS) From April 2014 to September 2016, OMA wood products (Omak WA) From September 2014 to September 2015, Chester wood products (Chester SC) And the Moncure splint (Moncure NC) From April 2008 to September 2013. Highlights include leadership planning, financing, construction and launch Winston plywood and veneer project worth $0. 11 billion ( Two Greenfield Cork plywood and veneer plants built in North America in the past 20 years) And prepare Chester and Mondi for sale to Boise falls in September 2013 for $0. 102 billion. Dr. Baldwin has written dozens of books and publications on the management, operation, maintenance and marketing of the forest products industry, including plywood and veneerBasic products ( Published in 2016). [ Slightly] IllustrationsDr. Frederick T. Kurpiel has quite a few people. Experience in board sales and marketing ( Plywood, plywood, OSB) , Upgrade products ( Cabinets, door covers, floors, furniture components, etc) Engineering wood products of North American wood- Product manufacturers, as well as wood production machinery from several European suppliers of wood manufacturing equipment. When the manager of the APA office in London, Fred was the lead researcher and author of several studies analyzing potential sales in the United StatesS. Wooden boards in foreign markets; The initial efforts were focused on plywood and later included OSB. Doctor in recent years Kurpiel has made a lot of efforts to understand the East Asian strategy ( China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam) Wood board manufacturers. [ Slightly] Illustrations[ Slightly] IllustrationsMr. Richard (\"Rich\")W. Baldwin, as vice president of strategic planning consulting for Winston plywood and veneer and Omark wood products, has developed the original business plan for Winston plywood and veneer factory in MS, and regularly updated the business plan as the project starts, and participate in debt and equity financing. During his career, Rich has built dozens (if not hundreds) of financial models and business plans for forest product manufacturers. At different times in his career, Baldwin served as chief financial officer, Treasury and analyst at forest products in the southeastern United States. S. Northwest United StatesS. Latin America and Southeast Asia. Rich used to work very well. The famous Wall Street company is an investment analyst in the life insurance and annuity industries as well as in the retail and consumer goods industries.